Heterodermia hypoleuca


Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Physciaceae
Genus: Heterodermia
Species: Heterodermia hypoleuca


Heterodermia hypoleuca (Ach.) Trevis., 1868

  • Parmelia speciosa ß hypoleuca Ach., Syn. Lich.: 211 (1814)


  • Anaptychia hypoleuca Ach. A. Massal.
  • Anaptychia hypoleuca (Ach.) A. Massal., Atti Inst. Veneto Sci. lett., ed Arti, Sér. 3 5: 249 (1860)
  • Parmelia hypoleuca Ach., 1813
  • Physcia hypoleuca (Ach.) Tuck., 1: 68 (1882)
  • Physcia speciosa var. hypoleuca (Ach.) Nyl., 1860
  • Pseudophyscia hypoleuca (Ach.) Hue, 1899

Ecology and Distribution: H. hypoleuca is a widespread and common species occurring on hardwoods throughout eastern North America.


  • Trevis., Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. (Modena) 11: 615 (1868)
  • Trevisan, V. (1869) Sul Genera Dimelaena di Norman. - Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. XI, 1868: 604–630.   (Mattick Rec.# 34544 - Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Heterodermia (pp. 334-341) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Heterodermia hypoleuca and distribution map for North America: p. 338; color photo: p. 338, plate 363)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Heterodermia Trevisan (pp. 115-121) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Heterodermia hypoleuca: pp. 118-119; color photo: Plate 12, C)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. 2nd. Edition. - Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 246 pp.   (RLL List # 103-34 / Rec. # 7485 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Heterodermia hypoleuca: p. 112)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Heterodermia Trevis., 1868 (pp. 259-264) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Heterodermia hypoleuca: p. 261; color photo: p. 261, Fig. 131)
  • Lendemer, J.C. (2009) A synopsis of the lichen genus Heterodermia (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) in eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 6: 1–36. (PDF file) (Heterodermia hypoleuca discussed on pp. 19-20; Plate 15, p. 33, geographic distribution map) (Plate 9, p. 18, color photos of Heterodermia hypoleuca: Fig. 1, secondary lobes; Fig. 2, underside; Fig. 3-4, lobes and apothecia)
  • Moberg, R. and Nash III, T.H. (2002) Heterodermia (pp. 207-219) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of Heterodermia hypoleuca and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 212)
  • Swinscow, T.D.V. and Krog, H. (1988) Macrolichens of East Africa. - British Museum (Natural History), London. 390 pp.   (RLL List # 135 / Rec. # 18091 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Heterodermia hypoleuca: p. 94)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Heterodermia Trevisan (pp. 107-108) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of Heterodermia hypoleuca: p. 107)

Links to photosEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Cupped fringe lichen,   Shield lichen