Clitoria ternatea

Blue Clitoria ternatea a.k.a. Blue Ternate flower
White Clitoria ternatea a.k.a. White Ternate flower
The possible origin place of Clitoria ternatea is Ternate island in North Maluku

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Clitoriinae
Genus: Clitoria
Subgenus: C. subg. Clitoria
Species: Clitoria ternatea

NameEdit

Clitoria ternatea L. (1753)

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Clitoria spectabilis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 336 (1796), nom. illeg.
    • Nauchea ternatea (L.) Descourt., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 8. 1826.
    • Ternatea ternatea (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3[3]: 72. 1898, nom. inadmiss.
    • Ternatea vulgaris Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (Humboldt & al.) 6: 415 (1824).
    • Ternatea ternatea Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3[3]: 72 (1898), nom. illeg. non Kunth (1824).
  • Heterotypic
    • Clitoria albiflora Mattei, Boll. Soc. Palermo 6: 97 (1908).
    • Clitoria bracteata Poir., Encycl., Suppl. (Lamarck) 2: 301 (1811).
    • Clitoria coelestris Siebert & Voss, Vilmorin's Blumengartneri 1: 208 1894, nom. inval.
    • Clitoria mearnsii De Wild., Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 13: (Suppl. Bot.) 8 (1925).
    • Clitoria parviflora Raf., Atlantic J. 147 (1832).
    • Clitoria philippensis Perr., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 110 (1825).
    • Clitoria pilosula Wall., Numer. List n (5347) (1831).
    • Clitoria pilosula Wall. ex Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2: 37 (1857).
    • Clitoria tanganicensis Micheli, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique (T. Durand & De Wildeman) 36: 60 (1897).
    • Clitoria ternatea f. albiflora (Voigt) Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 572 (1977), Moscosoa 6: 164 (1990).
    • Clitoria ternatea f. fasciculata Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 571 (1977), Moscosoa 6: 164 (1990).
    • Clitoria ternatea f. leucopetala Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 600 (1977), Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37(1-4): 18 (1995) publ. 2000
    • Clitoria ternatea f. pauciflora Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 571 (1977), nom. inval.
    • Clitoria ternatea f. subpolyadelpha Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 601 (1977), Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37(1-4): 18 (1995) publ. 2000
    • Clitoria ternatea var. alba Sweet, Hort. Brit. (Sweet), ed. 2. 140 (1830), nom. nud.
    • Clitoria ternatea var. alba Berhaut, Fl. Senegal 47 (1954).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. albiflora Voigt, Hort. Calcuttensis 213 (1845).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. angustifolia Hochst. ex Baker f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 428 (1929).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. bracteata (Poir.) DC., Prodr. (Candolle) 2: 234 (1825).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. major Paxton, Paxton's Magazine of Botany 13 (1847).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. pilosula (Benth.) Baker, Fl. Brit. Ind. (Hooker) 208 (1879).
    • Clitoria ternatea var. pleniflora Fantz, Monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). 591 (1977), Moscosoa 6: 164 (1990).
    • Clitoria ternatensium Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 59 (1766).
    • Clitoria zanzibarensis Vatke, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 28: 261 (1878).
    • Lathyrus spectabilis Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 135 (1775).
    • Nauchea bracteata Dupuis. ex Descourt., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 11 (1826).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia template
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia, Yemen
  • Continental: Africa
    • Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
  • Introduced into:
    • Aldabra, Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Chad, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jamaica, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

  • Fantz, P.R. 1977. A monograph of the genus Clitoria (Leguminosae: Glycineae). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (p. 696-705).

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

অসমীয়া: অপৰাজিতা
Basa Bali: ᬲᭂᬓᬃᬢᭂᬮᬂ (sekar telang); ᬲᭂᬓᬃᬢᭂᬃᬦᬢᬾ (sekar ternate)
বাংলা: অপরাজিতা
English: Butterfly Pea
suomi: Siniherne
हिन्दी: अपराजिता
Bahasa Indonesia: bunga telang; bunga ternate
Jawa: ꦏꦼꦩ꧀ꦧꦁ​​ꦠꦼꦭꦁ (kembang telang); ꦏꦼꦩ꧀ꦧꦁ​​ꦠꦼꦂꦤꦠꦺ (kembang ternate)
Basa Banyumasan: kembang telang; kembang ternate
मराठी: गोकर्णी
नेपाली: अपराजिता
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଅପରାଜିତା
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਪਰਾਜਿਤਾ
தமிழ்: சங்கு புட்பம்
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