Carissa bispinosa

(Redirected from Arduina bispinosa)
Carissa bispinosa

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Carisseae
Genus: Carissa
Species: Carissa bispinosa

Name

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Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8:502. 1954 (R. L. Desfontaines, Tabl. école bot. ed. 1:78. 1804, nom. nud.)

Synonyms

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  • Basionym
    • Arduina bispinosa L., Mant. Pl. 1: 52 (1767).
  • Homotypic
    • Carissa arduina Lam., Encycl. 1: 555 (1785), nom. illeg.
    • Jasminonerium bispinosum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 414 (1891).
    • Carandas arduina S.Moore, J. Bot. 41: 403 (1903), nom. illeg.
    • Carissa dinteri Markgr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 758 (1942), nom. illeg.
  • Heterotypic
    • Carissa myrtoides Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 398 (1829).
    • Arduina erythrocarpa Eckl., S. African Quart. J. 1: 372 (1830).
    • Arduina acuminata E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 191 (1838).
    • Carissa acuminata (E.Mey.) A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 335 (1844).
    • Carissa erythrocarpa (Eckl.) A.DC. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 335 (1844).
    • Jasminonerium acuminatum (E.Mey.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 414 (1891).
    • Jasminonerium erythrocarpum (Eckl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 414 (1891).
    • Carissa wyliei N.E.Br., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 165 (1906).
    • Arduina megaphylla Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 59 (1918).
    • Carissa cordata Dinter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 53: 112 (1928).
    • Carissa cordata Fourc., Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 21: 82 (1932), nom. illeg.
    • Carissa sessiliflora Brongn. ex Pichon, Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 2: 138 (1949).
    • Carissa sessiliflora var. meridionalis Pichon, Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 2: 139 (1949).
    • Carissa sessiliflora var. orientalis Pichon, Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 2: 139 (1949).
    • Carissa bispinosa var. acuminata (E.Mey.) Codd, Bothalia 7: 451 (1961).
    • Carissa sessiliflora var. grandiflora Markgr., Adansonia, n.s., 10: 25 (1970).
    • Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis Kupicha, Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2.A, 53: 321 (1980).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Namibia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Vernacular names

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Afrikaans: Bosnoem-noem
English: Forest Num-num
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