Cymbopogon nardus

(Redirected from Andropogon thwaitesii)
Cymbopogon nardus
Cymbopogon nardus

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Anthistiriinae
Genus: Cymbopogon
Species: Cymbopogon nardus

Name

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Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle, 1899

Synonyms

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  • Homotypic
    • Andropogon nardus L., Sp. Pl.: 1046 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Sorghum nardus (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 792 (1891).
  • Heterotypic
    • Lagurus paniculatus Burm.f., Fl. Indica: 30 (1768).
    • Andropogon pseudohirtus Steud., Flora 12: 471 (1829).
    • Andropogon citrosus Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 90 (1840), pro syn.
    • Andropogon nilagiricus Hochst., Exsicc. (Pl. Hohenack.) 1851: n.° 932 (1851), nom. superfl.
    • Andropogon confertiflorus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 385 (1854).
    • Andropogon grandis Nees ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 399 (1854).
    • Andropogon hamulatus Nees ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 388 (1854).
    • Andropogon nardus subsp. grandis (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 605 (1889).
    • Andropogon nardus subsp. nilagiricus Hack. in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 604 (1889).
    • Andropogon nardus var. zeyheri Hack. in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 607 (1889).
    • Cymbopogon nardus subsp. nilgiricus Hack. in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 604 (1889).
    • Andropogon nardus var. luridus Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 204 (1896).
    • Andropogon nardus var. prolixus Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 352 (1898).
    • Andropogon nardus var. validus Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 352 (1898).
    • Andropogon thwaitesii Hook.f. in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 5: 243 (1900).
    • Cymbopogon confertiflorus (Steud.) Stapf, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 318 (1906).
    • Cymbopogon thwaitesii (Hook.f.) Willis, Revis. Cat. Pl. Ceylon: 110 (1911).
    • Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy, Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3: 121 (1912).
    • Cymbopogon afronardus Stapf in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 279 (1919).
    • Cymbopogon validus var. lysocladus Stapf in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 252 (1919).
    • Cymbopogon claessensii Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 1: 145 (1929).
    • Cymbopogon prolixus (Stapf) E.Phillips, Intr. S. Afr. Grass. 6: 218 (1931).
    • Cymbopogon nardus var. confertiflorus (Steud.) Bor, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 905 (1953).
    • Cymbopogon virgatus Stapf ex Bor, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 52: 168 (1954).
    • Cymbopogon nardus var. luridus (Hook.f.) N.Rama Rao, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12: 378 (1988 publ. 1989).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Swaziland
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
    • Regional: Tropical Africa
      • Zaïre, Zimbabwe
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Madagascar
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Indian subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya, East Himalaya, India
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Myanmar
    • Introduced into:
      • Andaman Is., Bahamas, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Florida, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sumatera, Taiwan, Trinidad-Tobago

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Vernacular names

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Afrikaans: Reuseterpentyngras
مصرى: سيمبوبوجون ناردوس
English: Ceylon citronella
español: zacate limón
français: citronnelle de Ceylan
magyar: Citronella
Bahasa Indonesia: Serai wangi
日本語: コウスイガヤ
Jawa: Seré
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಮಾಚಿ ಹುಲ್ಲು
한국어: 시트로넬라
Bahasa Melayu: Serai wangi
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စပါးလင်ဆီမွှေး
Nederlands: Citronella
português: citronela-de-Java
svenska: citronellagräs
ไทย: ตะไคร้หอม
Tiếng Việt: Sả Sri Lanka
中文: 亚香茅
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