Vachellia nilotica

(Redirected from Acacia nilotica)
Vachellia nilotica taken as Acacia nilotica
Vachellia nilotica

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Vachellia
Species: Vachellia nilotica
Subspecies: V. n. subsp. adstringens – V. n. subsp. cupressiformis – V. n. subsp. hemispherica – V. n. subsp. indica – V. n. subsp. kraussiana – V. n. subsp. leiocarpa – V. n. subsp. nilotica – V. n. subsp. subalata – V. n. subsp. tomentosa

NameEdit

Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb. in D.J.Mabberley, Mabberley's Pl.-Book, ed. 3: 1021 (2008).

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Mimosa nilotica L., Sp. Pl. 1: 521 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile, Fl. Aegypt. Illustr. 79; Desf. Tabl. Hort. Par. ed. II. 208 (1813).
    • Gumifera nilotica (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 118 (1838).
    • Acacia arabica var. nilotica (L.) Benth.
    • Acacia scorpioides var. nilotica (L.) A.Chev.
  • Heterotypic
    • Mimosa scorpioides L., Sp. Pl. 1: 521 (1753).
      • Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.Wight, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 9: 173 (1905).
    • Mimosa arabica Lam. in J. Lamarck & al., Encycl. 1(1): 19 (1783).
      • Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4(2): 1085 (1806).
    • Acacia vera Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 95 (1764).
    • Acacia vera Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4(2): 1085 (1806).
      • Gumifera vera (Willd.) Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 118 (1838).
    • Acacia pseudoarabica Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 8 (1855).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
 
Vachellia nilotica
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco (doubtfully present).
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Cape Verde.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Burkina, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Togo.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea Islands.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Mauritius, Madagascar, Rodrigues.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Iraq.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Myanmar.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Guinea.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

  • Mabberley, D.J. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, Their Classification and Uses. 3rd ed.: 1021.

Primary referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

বাংলা: বাবলা
English: Arabic Gum Tree, Babul
français: Acacia d’Arabie, Gommier rouge, Gonakié
हिन्दी: बबूल
मराठी: गावठी बाभूळ
नेपाली: बबुल
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਿੱਕਰ
संस्कृतम्: कृष्णखदिरवृक्षः
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