Terms and abbreviationsEdit
- autonym. An automatically generated infrageneric or infraspecific name.
- comb. inval. (combinatio invalidum). A combination not validly published according to ICBN.
- comb. illeg. (combinatio illegitimum). A validly published name that is not in accordance with one or more rules in ICBN.
- comb. superfl. (combinatio superfluum). Superfluous combination, creating an illegitime homonym.
- cum descr. (cum description). With description.
- et al. or & al. ( et alii (Maskulinum), et aliae (Femininum) oder et alia (Neutrum)). Latin for: and others, used to indicate other authors of a published work.
- ICBN. Code of Botanical Nomenclature by International Association for Plant Taxonomy.
- in litt. (in litteris). In correspondence.
- in obs. (in observatio) In observation.
- in sched. (in schedula). On a herbarium sheet.
- ined. (ineditus). Unpublished and not validated, provisional name.
- loc. cit. (loco citato). From the Latin: 'in the place mentioned'
- nom. cons. (nomen conservandum). (1) A name of a family, genus or species [or infraspecies] ruled as legitimate and with precedence over other specified names even though it may have been illegitimate when published or lack priority (Art. 14.1-14.7). (2) A name for which its type, orthography, or gender has been fixed by the conservation process (Art. 14.1, 14.9-14.11).
- nom. cons. prop. (nomen conservandum propositus). Proposed conserved name.
- nom. dub. (nomen dubium). A dubious name without certain attribution.
- nom. illeg. (nomen illegitimum). A validly published name that is not in accordance with one or more rules (Art. 6.4), principally those on superfluity (Art. 52) and homonymy (Art. 53 and 54).
- nom. inadmiss. (nomen inadmissibile). Illegitime renaming of the type.
- nom. inval. (nomen invalidum). A name not validly published according to Art. 29-45 or H.9 (Art. 6.2).
- nom. nov. (nomen novum). A nomen novum is a new combination for which an author is obliged to substitute a new specific epithet or a new subspecific epithet as a result of homonymy.
- nom. nud. (nomen nudum). A "naked name" lacking formal publication.
- nom. provis. (nomen provisorium). Provisional name.
- nom. rej. (nomen rejiciendum). A name rejected in favour of a name conserved under Art. 14 or a name ruled as rejected under Art. 56 (App. II, III, IV, and V).
- nom. rej. prop. (nomen rejiciendum propositus) Proposed rejected name.
- nom. superfl. (nomen superfluum). Superfluous name.
- non design. (non designatus). Not designated.
- opus utiq. oppr./opera utiq. oppr. (Opus/Opera utique oppressa) Works, ruled as suppressed. In these names, in specified ranks, are not validly published. "Opus" is singular, "opera" is plural.
- orth. cons. Conserved orthographic variant.
- orth. emend. Orthography emended in accordance with ICBN requirements.
- orth. err. Orthography error correctable in accordance with ICBN requirements.
- orth. var. Orthographic variant.
- p.p. (pro parte). In part.
- pro hybr. or pro hybrid. (pro hybridus). As hybrid.
- pro sp. (pro species). As species.
- rank. The following endings indicate rank in botanical nomenclature:
- -obiotina = subkingdom
- -ophytanae = superdivision or superphylum
- -ophyta = division or phylum
- -ophytina = subdivision
- -opsida = class
- -idae = subclass
- -anae = superordo
- -ales = ordo
- -ineae = subordo
- -ariae = superfamilia
- -aceae = familia
- -indae = supersubfamilia
- -oideae = subfamilia
- -odae = supertribus
- -eae = tribus
- -odinae = supersubtribus
- -inae = subtribus
- sensu auct. (Sensu auctorum). As used by the cited author, but specifically excluding the original meaning.
- s.l. (sensu lato). In the wide sense.
- s.s. (sensu stricto). In the narrow sense.
- sine dign. defin. (sine dignitate definita). Unranked taxa.
- sine descr. (sine descriptio). Without a description in nomenclature.
- sphalm. (sphalmate) By mistake, mistakenly.
- tax. nov. (taxon novum). A new taxon.
- typ. cons. (typus conservandus). With a conserved type.